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Learn More About Pacemaker Implantation Here

When performed on patients suffering from heart failure or cardiac arrest, pacemaker treatment has been shown to significantly improve survival rates and overall quality of life. Before opting to have a pacemaker, learn about its purpose, how to prepare for operation, potential risks and effects, and the nature of regular check-ups with your doctor. This guide is meant to provide you with all of that data so that you can enter surgery with confidence and knowledge of the pacemaker procedure.

If you have a slow or irregular heartbeat that doesn’t respond to treatment, or if your heart suddenly stops beating, a pacemaker may be put. Ongoing medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol may also make it necessary for someone to get a pacemaker. Certain genetic disorders may also necessitate one’s use. You and your doctor should discuss when and what kind of pacemaker would be appropriate for you.

Pacemakers are medical devices that are surgically implanted near the heart in the chest. Electrical pulses are used to treat the arrhythmia by restoring normal cardiac rhythm and alleviating its accompanying symptoms. The device can be programmed by your doctor or medical professional to detect specific types of irregular heartbeats and either send a signal to the heart or pace it with electricity in order for it to beat properly. The most common type of pacemaker is known as an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator or ICD.

Pacemakers are sometimes needed when the heart’s natural rate and rhythm are irregular or disrupted. Ischemic heart disease, in which blood flow to the heart is reduced, cardiomyopathy, and other conditions can all contribute to these problems. When the heart beats too slowly (bradycardia), it can induce fainting, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fatigue, all of which may necessitate the use of a pacemaker. A pacemaker can also help reduce episodes of abnormal rhythms called arrhythmias. If medicine for an irregular heartbeat is ineffective, implantation of a permanent pacing device may be necessary. Doctors will take into account any risk factors in your medical history before making their decision about whether you need a pacemaker implantation surgery or not.

Implantation of the device takes place in the subclavian region, close to the breastbone. This can be done in an open-chest surgical procedure or through a small cut in the skin. During surgery, your surgeon will cut a small hole in your chest to house the device, and then he or she will link cables to your heart. Doctors may use general anaesthesia so you will not feel any pain during this surgery and are fully awake when they finish. Following having a pacemaker implanted, most patients are able to go home the day after surgery and get back to their regular routine within two weeks. Patients must continue annual exams as part of their aftercare beyond the initial six-month post-implant period.
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